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Backtesting Parametric Value-at-Risk with Estimation Risk
Year Of Publication: 2008
Month Of Publication: February
Pages: 39
Download Count: 26
View Count: 2056
Comment Num: 0
Language: English
Source: working paper
Who Can Read: Free
Date: 5-3-2010
Publisher: Administrator
Summary
One of the implications of the creation of Basel Committee on Banking Supervision was the implementation of Value-at-Risk (VaR) as the standard tool for measuring market risk. Since then, the capital requirements of commercial banks with trading activities are based on VaR estimates. Therefore, appropriately constructed tests for assessing the out-of-sample forecast accuracy of the VaR model (backtesting procedures) have become of crucial practical importance. In this paper we show that the use of the standard unconditional and independence backtesting procedures to assess VaR models in out-of-sample composite environments can be misleading. These tests do not consider the impact of estimation risk and therefore may use wrong critical values to assess market risk. The purpose of this paper is to quantify such estimation risk in a very general class of dynamic parametric VaR models and to correct standard backtesting procedures to provide valid inference in out-of-sample analyses. A Monte Carlo study illustrates our theoretical findings in finite-samples and shows that our corrected unconditional test can provide more accurately sized and more powerful tests than the uncorrected one. Finally, an application to the S&P 500 Index shows the importance of this correction and its impact on capital requirements as imposed by the Basel Accord.
This document is published in the Journal of Business and Economic Statistics (volume 28, number 1) January 2010, pp. 36-51
http://dx.doi.or
Author(s)
Olmo, Jose Sign in to follow this author
Escanciano, J. Carlos Sign in to follow this author
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